Websites on References


Business Reference Page - Links to directories of business information, phone numbers, government resources, maps, FAQs, dictionaries, and financial calculations.

The Info Service - An enormous reference resource featuring links in categories like programming, computer help, genealogy, hobbies, business and travel.

The Internet Lost and Found - Free worldwide directory listings of lost and found property.

IPL Associations on the Net - Search Associations on the Internet through the Internet Public Library.

Langenberg - Provides access to multiple phone, reference, geographic, business, search, and media databases with integrated search tools. - Reference collection including dictionaries, encyclopedias, newspapers, maps, reading lists, and quotations.

Martindale's Reference Desk - Large collection of links to reference resources, including language centers, calculators, maps, and science tables.

Melissa Data - ZIP Codes, area codes, cities, states, addresses, information about non-profit organizations, people who have contributed to political campaigns, and demographics. - A one-stop site for all things Internet including news, weather, sports, reference, encyclopedia (50 areas), facts on file, FAQs, tutorials, search engines, Win95, free stuff, and games. Includes over 20,000 links. - A large categorized collection of reference links to over 600 different sites.

Trussel's EclectiCity - Links cataloged in the form of on-line publishing: stories, articles, dictionaries, bibliographies, song-lists, word-lists, phone-lists, and translations.

Virtual Learning Resources Center - Search a collection of resources recommended by librarians and educators. Select from subject specific databases or general web sites, news sources, or electronic text archives.

Encyclopedias - Includes the Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, dictionaries, and thesauri.

Britannica Concise - Featuring 28,000 short articles.

Classic Encyclopedia - Browsable online version of the 1911 edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Encyberpedia - Electronic encyclopedia with its own content as well as over 10,000 links to the best reference sites on the Internet.

Encyclopaedia Britannica Online - Provides complete text of Encyclopaedia Britannica with search capabilities, related links, and multimedia enhancements. Full text for subscribers only; free trial available.

Encyclopedia Smithsonian - Links to on-line Smithsonian resources and answers to frequently asked questions from A to Z.

HighBeam Encyclopedia - Offers articles from the Columbia Encyclopedia and Britannica Concise Encyclopedia.

How Stuff Works - Articles explain how hundreds of things work, from elements of the human body to space-age technology.

Hutchinson Encyclopedia - "A subset of the content (concise set) is provided for free, the access to the rest of the Hutchinson Encyclopedia requires subscription."

Information Please - Online dictionary, Columbia Encyclopedia, and almanac reference.

Knol - Peer-reviewed encyclopedia from Google. Articles are written by named contributors.

MSN Encarta Encyclopedia - Includes a world atlas, dictionary, thesaurus, multimedia collection, and homework tools.

Nuttall Encyclopædia of General Knowledge - Approximately 14,000 entries on topics including art, geography, literature, philosophy, religion. Originally published in 1907.

Online Encyclopedia - Offers articles from on the 11th edition Encyclopedia Britannica, and from the Crystal Reference Encyclopedia. All articles are searchable and alphabetized.

The Probert Encyclopaedia - Reference source with several hypertext linked entries covering a broad variety of subjects.

Simple English Wikipedia - User-contributed online encyclopedia intended for people whose first language is not English.

Wikinfo - User edited encyclopedia based on Wiki software. Contains articles, information on editing, and a list of differences between this encyclopedia and Wikipedia.

Wikipedia - A free encyclopedia with millions of articles contributed collaboratively using Wiki software, in dozens of languages.

World Book Encyclopedia - Online version of the complete reference work along with dictionary, atlas, links, magazines, historical documents, audio, video, images, and 3D photographs. Requires free temporary registration with option to buy continued access for full articles.


ABMaps - Online interactive map of the world, with detailed street atlas for North America.

Atlapedia Online - Contains full color physical and political maps as well as key facts and statistics on countries of the world.

Atlas of the Biosphere - A collection of maps, schematics, and information about human-environment interactions, directed at the education community.

CIA World Factbook - Reference Maps - Various maps of the world in both jpeg and pdf format that are updated annually.

Expedia Maps - Offers searchable listing in the United States and Europe by address and driving directions.

Fallingrain Global Gazetteer - Look up countries, cities, and airports and obtain topographic maps, weather data, and selected satellite imagery.

Google Maps - Provides directions, interactive maps, and satellite/aerial imagery of the United States. Can also search by keyword such as type of business.

Great Circle Mapper - Shows great circle path between specified points on the globe with an aviation focus.

Map Up - Provides continental, oceanic, and country-specific maps, followed by geopolitical analysis.

Maporama - Generates maps for a desired address or point of interest. Output is also viewable on handheld computers.

MapQuest - Find directions for and explore towns and cities worldwide. Display addresses on a map, view nearby businesses, get driving directions and maps, and plan a trip with city information. Also includes aerial photographs of selected areas.

Maps of World - Online maps showing countries of the world and continents. Too wide for smaller monitors.

Multimap - Global mapping service including street maps of Europe, North America and Australia.

National Atlas of the United States - U.S. government map portal providing access to many government branches including USGS, Census, U.S. Forest Service, NOAA, National Park Service and others.

Planet Observer - Displays country and ocean maps, followed by demographic data on each reviewed area.

Readmap Project - Online maps collection with political and economical overview of each country.

Shaded Relief Map of the World - Interactive global map, including topographic relief, satellite imagery, and political information. Includes place finder.

TerraFly - Searchable aerial views of cities and towns in the United States.

TerraServer - View maps and aerial photos of various parts of the Earth.

United Nations: Cartographic Section - General country and special issues maps.

United States Library of Congress Map Collections - Top-level categories include cities and towns, cultural, landscapes, conservation and environment, military battles and campaigns, discovery and exploration, transportation and communication. Searchable by keyword, location, creator, subject, and title.

Windows Live Local - Combines online mapping and local search, uses a scratch pad to take notes, and allows to search questions around the United States in a geographical context.

World Atlas - Get maps and relevant information about every country, every U.S. state and dozens of major American cities.

Worldmapper - A collection of world maps, where territories are re-sized on according to the subject of interest.


Advertising Quotes - Indexed notes on advertising.

All Things William - 10,000 quotes based on the name William in its various forms and offered in the spirit of sharing and celebration!

Animal quotations - Animal quotations and quips about dogs and cats. Quotes about our favorite pets.

Annabelle's Quotation Guide - Organized by topic and author, quote-o-gram, weekly quotes mailing, and a quote of the week.

Anyara's Aphorisms - Quotations sorted by topic, with the speaker's sun sign noted.

Aphorisms Galore - Find witty sayings by author or category, read background information, and contribute favorite sayings.

Bartlett's Familiar Quotations - Searchable quotations site, provided in electronic format by Project Bartleby at Columbia University.

Board of Wisdom - Share and debate famous quotes, sayings and witticisms.

Born Today - Quotes by, pictures of, and links to information about people who were born on each day of the year.

Brain Candy: Celebrity Quotations - Advice given by well known people. Also famous put downs or insults.

BrainyQuote - Thousands of quotes grouped by topic and by author.

Business Quotes - Motivational quotations from Dale Carnegie, Henry Ford, and Zig Ziglar as well as other American business communicators.

Creative Quotations - Search quotes from famous people by keyword, author, and source, or by author's day of birth, nationality, and profession.

Critial Thought and Religious Liberty - Quotes - Includes pages with quotes from America's founding fathers, Albert Einstein, Adolph Hitler, and Stephen Jay Gould.

Crystal Clouds - Providing quotations on a range of topics and by a number of famous and lesser known figures of both past and present

Daily Celebrations: Quotations Directory - A collection of quotes on a large number of topics. Topics are listed in alphabetical order.

Daily Miscellany: Archive of Quotations - Inspirational words on a variety of topics.

Dictionary of Quotations - Famous and inspiring quotations organized by subject and author. - Quotations by philosophers, poets, and psychologists, with additional sayings about nature and love/romance.

Elibron Wit & Wisdom - Thousands of famous quotations organized by categories.

Famous Quotes and Quotations - Browse a collection of famous quotes and quotations listed both by author's name and topic or submit your own quotes.

Food Quotations - Quotations about food, ranging from the humorous to the philosophical, by everyone from Confucius to Mark Twain.

GIGA Quotes - This collection of quotations, aphorisms, maxims, proverbs, mottoes, book excerpts, and poems is browsable by author or cross-referenced topic.

Great Aviation Quotes - Thoughts on flying, airplanes, and being a pilot.

History Quotes - Includes a list of quotes about history from various authors and historians.

House of Quotes - Quotes categorized by topic.

Insight Quotes - Collection of quotations as well as a free Daily Insight e-mail.

The Institution of Silly & Meaningless Sayings - The study of isms. Current database holds almost 450 isms heard at first hand.

Education - Colleges And Universities

Association of Franciscan Colleges and Universities - Represents 18 member institutions which offer higher education in the Franciscan spiritual and intellectual tradition at the undergraduate and graduate (masters and doctoral degrees) level.

The Center for Measuring University Performance - Research enterprise focused on the issues of measuring university performance and rankings of top public research universities.

College and University Home Pages - College and University Home Pages - Alphabetical Listing

College and University Research and Reference Page - Includes research and reference page.

Colleges, Schools and Universities Listings - Alphabetical listing of community, graduate, management, law, dental and medical schools, colleges and universities around the globe.

Council of Independent Colleges - Provides professional and educational development services for the presidents, deans, and faculty for over 500 independent liberal arts colleges and universities.

Council of International Schools: Higher Education - Organization information, information on the higher education systems of different countries and regions, advice on admissions and financial aid for international students, database of member institutions, and other resources.

Getting Ready for College Early - A handbook for parents of students in the middle and junior high school years by the US government.

GoCollege - Information for the collegebound student.

Inside Higher Ed - Offers free online news and job information for college and university faculty, adjuncts, graduate students, and administrators.

International Association for Management Education (AACSB) - Accrediting agency for bachelor's, master's and doctoral degree programs in business administration and accounting.

International Association of Universities (IAU) - IAU members are individual universities and major regional and national university organisations (approximately 150 different countries).

Postsecondary Education Opportunity - Policy research on opportunity for postsecondary education and training.

Society for Research into Higher Education (SRHE) - Aims to improve the quality of higher education through the encouragement of debate and publication on issues of policy, on the organisation and management of higher education institutions, and on the curriculum.

The Value of a College Degree - Provides full-text access to the ERIC Digest of this name which examines the financial and social advantages which are associated with a college degree.

Home Schooling Homeschooling - Provides unit studies, games, forum, local resources, and a weekly newsletter.

Afrocentric Homeschoolers Association - Resource for families wishing to incorporate Afrocentric homeschooling. Links, activities, and email group.

A-to-Z Home's Cool - Homeschooling community and portal site: chat, boards, events, articles, kids' sites, links to learning materials, support groups, ideas for educating teens, and laws worldwide. Also includes sample forms and transcripts.

Carschooling - Ideas and resources for learning while in the car.

Cottage School Search Site - allows you to find homeschoolers, cottage and classical schools, teacher and tutors close to your home.

Denim Jumpers - New homeschooling information, articles, filtered search function, and top ten lists. From a Christian perspective. - Print-outs, forms, planners, handwriting practice sheets, grading cards, cursive animations, and resource links. - Provides free articles, resource links, a newsletter, and other features to help make homeschooling easier and more enjoyable.

Eclectic Homeschool Online - An online homeschool portal with resources and support for creative homeschoolers, including state laws and regulations, curriculum reviews, articles, and a bookstore.

Educationsense - Down-to-earth support, resources, products, services and camps, by home educators for home educators. Includes discussion lists, de-cluttering pages and "The Festival Folk Finder".

Home School Information - Offers the positive and negative views of homeschooling, resources that are available for homeschooling, and links to colleges.

The Home School Source - Services include a lending library with mailing direct to homes, a curriculum and book store, swap and discussion boards, and events listings.

HomeHearts - Information and helps including philosophy, methods, materials, scheduling, tools, support, and step-by-step guide to getting started.

Homeschool Central - Advice for new homeschoolers, columns from the Miserly Mom, Catholic resources, preschool through high school activities, and information on individual states.

Homeschool Country - Includes Christian articles, lesson-planning worksheets, and links to other resources.

Homeschool Dads - Geared specifically for the fathers who homeschool. Includes homeschooling news, articles, organizations, events, and forums.

Homeschool Highlights - Curriculum reviews and education articles from Dean and Karen Andreola.

Homeschool Highway to Learning - Complete Resource information for the beginning homeschooler. Free newsletter, free curriculum information, chat room and online bookstore.

The Homeschool Oasis - Encouragement for those considering it, starting out or burning out. Plan to spend some time exploring this 300-plus page site.

Homeschool Resource Directory - Portal site with support information, getting started, articles, laws, and regional resources.

The Homeschool Resource Directory - Offers a database of websites for use in homeschooling. Categories include worksheets, recipes, forms, and school subjects.

Homeschool Social Register - Offers a free service allowing homeschoolers to get in touch with other homeschoolers in their area while protecting each party's privacy. Separate pages for towns, cities and counties in the United States, Canada, and New Zealand.

The HomeSchool Times - Offers support for homeschoolers with message boards for adults and children, articles, and lesson plans.

Homeschool World - Home of Mary Pride's Practical Homeschooling magazine and homeschooling community. Large number of articles, news, online experts, up-to-date events list, groups listed by state, contests listing, forum, email newsletter, and links area. - Resources and information including articles and message boards.

Knowledge - Information Architecture

Amichi - Chicago based firm that specializes in metadata creation and interface design. Offers company profile, description of services and testimonials.

Apperceptive, LLC - Design and architecture technology consulting firm based in New York.

Argus Center for Information Architecture - Reference for learning about the theory and practice of information architecture.

ASIS Summit 2000: Presentations - Includes an Information Architecture Glossary, and slides for 12 Information Architecture presentations. April 7-9, 2000, Boston, MA.

B C Bennett - Information architect, interactive designer, graphical user interface (GUI) specialist, multidisciplinary team manager. Resume and portfolio.

Becoming an Information Architect - Article written by Sacha Cohen, originally published on

Boxes and Arrows - Journal dedicated to discussing, improving and promoting the work of the information architecture community. Offers current, as well as previous issues and submission information for authors. - A resource site with information, links and analysis on information design and architecture, usability principles, Web design, content development and Internet news. Produced by contentologist G. A. Buchholz.

ContextualAnalysis - Information architecture consulting, specializing in content analysis and organization, taxonomy/thesaurus design, website indexing and back-of-book indexes in the humanities.

Dynamic Diagrams - A group of information architects, visual designers, and Web designers. Consultants in information architecture for Web sites.

Elegant Hack - Information Archtitect resources, weblog, and newsletter.

EnterFrame - Navneet Nair speaks on topics such as emerging technologies, enterprise applications, UI architecture and visual design. Includes archives.

Art And Entertainment Museums

American Museum of Magic - Privately owned collection of items related to the art of magic in Marshall, Michigan. Includes show dates, admission information, and a location map.

Bauhaus-Archiv Museum of Design - The Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin researches, documents and presents the history of the Bauhaus school (1919-1933), the most important school for architecture, design and art in the 20th century.

Belvue Museum - Museum about the history of the Belgian Dynasty, especially King Baudouin, and the former medieval Palace of Emperor Charles V in Brussels.

Bona Museum & Gallery - Collection includes Korean women's personal ornaments and folk art throughout history. Located in Seoul, Korea.

Chichu Art Museum - Provides art works, visitor information, and programs. Located on Naoshima.

Hollywood Museums - A guide to the many Los Angeles-based museums related to the motion picture industry and Hollywood celebrities.


UNESCO Archives Portal - Directory of archives worldwide and resources related to records and archives management and to international co-operation in this area.

Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives - A non-profit organization devoted to the preservation and dissemination of the history of the North American role in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Collections held at New York University's Tamiment Library

American Library Association Archives - Searchable, browsable listings of the archives and documents of the American Library Association from the 1920s to the present.

Archive Grid - Searchable database of nearly a million collection descriptions provided by libraries, museums, and archives around the world.

Archives of the History of American Psychology - Holdings include primary materials from American psychologists, antique instruments used by psychologists, and outdated testing materials.

International Congress on Archives 2004 - Reports from the congress in several languages.

Maritime Archives and Collections Society - Materials related to marine history and conservation, maritime research, and nautical education.

National Sound Archive Catalogue - A searchable online catalog of almost 2.5 million sound recordings held by the British Library National Sound Archive (NSA).

Providence Archives - Records of the Sisters of Providence, and the Providence Health System of the Northwest United States.

Repositories of Primary Sources - A listing of thousands of websites describing holdings of manuscripts, archives, rare books, historical photographs, and other primary sources for the research scholar. Maintained by Terry Abraham at the University of Idaho.

The Schøyen Collection - Comprised of manuscripts from around the world, spanning 5000 years, held in Norway.

Standards for Archival Description: A Handbook - Describes technical standards, conventions, and guidelines used by archivists in describing holdings and repositories.

Ask An Expert

Ask A Linguist - Post a question involving language to a panel of linguists; browse and search past answers.

Askville by Amazon - User-generated questions and answers, also with discussions and expert user profiles.

Blurt It! - Users can ask questions, answer questions, and collect points for questions answered.

European Experts Exchange - Multilingual experts offer their feedback on common open-source applications, including PHP and MySQL.

Globe Alive - Searchable database of experts standing by to help you.

Google Answers - Now retired service where live researchers used to answer your questions on any topic for a fee. Existing answers can however still be browsed or searched for free.

I Recognise That - I Recognise That is a place where people can ask or answer questions about anything and everything. Someone that asks a question can also upload a photo to help illustrate that question. Questions are answered by other users. - Question and answer services as well as a forum for discussions of random, weird and interesting facts.

iQuestions - Video answers to lifestyle questions answered by Christian experts in the areas of marriage, parenting, intimacy, finance, faith, career, and other topics. Users may submit questions, share answers, and join discussions.


BloomsburyMagazine Research Centre - Offers literature reference searches powered by bloomsbury reference books.

Book Sale Finder - Guide to used book fairs and sales across the USA.

Centre for the History of the Book - History, projects, and events.

Creative Nonfiction Magazine - Journal includes online essays and book reviews as well as links for the Goucher College MFA in Creative Nonfiction.

Instruction Manuals UK - Instruction manuals for products sold in the United Kingdom.

International ISBN Agency - Includes a user's manual, prefix ranges, details of group agencies, publications, reports, and news.

ISBN Tools - Information and tools for using International Standard Book Numbers. Scan them with a CueCat, look them up, or search them. - Enables applications to be made for ISBNs, SANs, and ISMNs in the United States and Puerto Rico, and provides information about the standards.

Library of Economics and Liberty - Economics classics online, featured essays, letters to the editor, and data links by topic.

Nonfiction Religion Book Reviews - Collection of reviews by Skylar Hamilton Burris.

Resource Central - Books Online - Resource links in finding books on the net.

Waddleton Chronology - Attempt to collect and record all books having colour-printed illustrations or decorations from 15th century up to 1893.


Merriam-Webster OnLine  A free, searchable on-line dictionary and thesaurus, word games, a word of the day, and many other English language and vocabulary reference tools and resources.

OneLook Dictionaries - Look up a word or term in an Internet dictionary or glossary. Free search access to a frequently updated database of words, terms, names, and acronyms. - Features two modern English dictionaries, multilingual search, and translation. Also features a guide to language sites on the web and a language discussion forum.

The Alternative Dictionaries - Includes a list of slang terms and phrases in various languages.

Cambridge International Dictionaries - Free online dictionary from Cambridge University Press.

The Century Dictionary Online - Free 500,000 word dictionary of English with an encyclopedia and world atlas. Uses DjVu and JPEG formats to display page images. Has headword lookup and full text search of 22 million words of underlying text. - Free edition of a complete Webster dictionary. Fully crosslinked.

DICT Development Group - A WWW interface to several freely available on-line dictionaries, including Webster's 1913, the Jargon File, the US Gazetteer, and Easton's Bible Dictionary.

Dictionary Building Software for Reporters - Software program for realtime reporters and captioners that lists many diverse vocabulary lists.

Dictionary of Comprehension - A Dictionary of Comprehension in different languages.

Dictionary of Difficult Words - Search or browse this dictionary of more than 13,000 words.

Dictionary Society of North America - An international organization of librarians, booksellers, translators, linguists, publishers, writers, journalists, and collectors. Founded in 1975 to further research in dictionary making, study, collection, and use. Member of the American Council of Learned Societies. - Free online dictionary search, translator, word of the day, crossword puzzles and word games, and vocabulary learning resources for many languages.

Dictsearch - Search a variety of dictionaries including monolingual, bilingual, and specialty dictionaries.

eLook Dictionary - Provides definitions, synonyms, and related words.

Farlex Free Dictionary - Collection of dictionaries by subject including medical and legal together with free and subscription encyclopedias, in ten languages.

Glossaries - Collection of more than 2400 links to glossaries and dictionaries.


Disclaimer: The external links provided herein are third-party links. We do not have any control over them and we cannot guarantee their accuracy or their authenticity. The links are being provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only; they do not constitute an endorsement or an approval by of any of the products, services or opinions of the corporation or organization or individual. bears no responsibility for the accuracy, legality or content of the external site or for that of subsequent links. Any transactions that you enter into with a vendor, merchant or other party listed in this site or linked from this site are solely between you and that vendor, merchant or other party. Contact the external site for answers to questions regarding its content.