World Studies, Geography and Languages

World Languages

All Free Dictionaries Project - Automatic translation database of over 50 tongues with multidirectional lookup capability. Users may contribute by reviewing entries and submitting word lists to help in building a universal dictionary.

The Alternative Dictionaries - Slang for foreign-language learners, with definitions in English. Collaborative project - entries are made by Internet users. About 80 tongues.

Bohemica's Dictionary Section - General and scientific terminology. Trees, flowers, birds, whales and dolphins, wind. Czech, Slovak, English, Latin, German.

The Bulgarian Rechnik - Contains words and expressions in six languages - Bulgarian, English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, and Italian.

Comparative Vocabulary: English, French, Spanish - Similar nouns, adjectives and adverbs grouped under their endings.

Cool Slang - Collaborative project, open choice of language pairs. Explanation and translation of colloquial expressions.

DicoVox - Bidirectional word translation between English and French and one-way translation from German into English with vocal output capabilities.

Dictionary of Nigerian Languages - English to Igbo, Yoruba, Hausa and Pidgin, the languages of Nigeria.

Digital Dictionaries of South Asia - An electronic library of printed works, multilingual and monolingual, for English-speaking readers of over 30 major languages of the region. Uses Unicode for non-Latin fonts and unusual diacritics.

EdLingua On-Line Dictionary - English, Dutch, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish, and Swedish. Requires Javascript.

EUdict - Translation between English and: Croatian, French, Italian, Latin, Spanish. Dutch-Croatian-Dutch. Also one-way translations from German to English, Spanish, or Italian. Interface in English or Croatian.

FinnHun Dictionary and Thesaurus - Finnish, Hungarian, English. - English to/from Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Norwegian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swahili, and Swedish. Online version of the Freelang program.

German-Tagalog-Cebuano-English Dictionary - Word and phrase translations of the Filipino languages Tagalog and Cebuano to German and English. Multimedia and phrase library.

Hello, I love you - How to say the former in various languages. Live chat room.

InOneSearch Translator - English to/from Spanish, French, German, Italian, and Portuguese. - Translates between Dutch, English, German, French, Spanish, and Swedish.

International Cursing and Swearing Dictionary - For idiomatic use of offensive language and insults. French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Malaysian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish, Spanish, and Turkish into English.

Internet Dictionary Project - Collaborative works. English, Spanish, Italian, German, French, Latin, Portuguese, Assyrian, and Persian.

Internet Picture Dictionary - With interactive activities for French, German, Spanish, Italian, and ESL learners.

Japanese-English-Russian Idioms Dictionary - Scanned pages of a printed work by Я.М.Троицкий, 1998. Users can jump to individual records thanks to alphabetical indexes.

Kofar Hausa - Translations between Hausa, English, and German. Basic orthography information, user contributions.

LangToLang - English, Spanish, French, German, Turkish, Italian, Dutch, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Danish, Polish, Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Hungarian, Finnish, Esperanto, and Swahili.

Lexsee Multi Language Dictionary - Bidirectional lookup and browsable index of terms in 30 languages.

Lithuanian-English-German Dictionaries - Translations and dialogues.

A Little Dictionary of Italian/Tongan/English - Common words and phrases.

LookWAYup - Defines English words and provides optional translations into French, German, Spanish, Dutch, and Portuguese.

Majstro Aplikaĵoj's Translation Dictionary - Based on the Ergane database, which uses the artificial language Esperanto to translate between three-dozen languages.

Megiser's Search Engine (1744) - 3rd edition of Hieronymus Megiser's Dictionarium quatuor linguarum, with English added. Browse in original order, more or less alphabetical in German. Reverse search of Slovenian entries, in original or normalized orthography. Interface in English. Results in English, German, Latin, Slovenian, and Italian.

MIDDIM: Interactive Multilingual Dictionary - Search for words and phrases, flexed paradigms, syntactic analysis, final segments, initial segments. Catalan, English, German.

Online - English to/from French, German, Spanish, Italian, Japanese, Chinese, Russian. With definitions and translations. From the European language sections it will translate one word into six languages at one time.

The Papillon Project - Open source lexical database created by computational linguists. Chinese, English, Estonian, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Thai, Vietnamese.

PetaMem Multilingual Dictionary - Translates words and expressions between English, German, French, Hungarian, Italian, Dutch, Portuguese, Swedish, and Czech.

PolarText - Directory of lexicographic works. Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, English, German.

POPjisyo - Pop-up translation system, which helps you read Web pages in a foreign language and learn new words as you go along. Study games. For Japanese, Chinese, Korean, and other languages.

Project for the Documentation of the Languages of Mesoamerica (PDLMA) - Lexicon, phonology, and morphosyntax of selected Mije-Sokean languages: Oluta and San Miguel Chimalapa Soke. Translations to/from Spanish and English.

RealTranslations - Word lookup, retrieving exact and fuzzy matches. English to/from French, German, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish.

Rojname Dictionary - Bidirectional word lookup. Kurdish to/from English, German, and Turkish.

Sakhr Dictionary - Multidirectional lookup of Arabic, English, and French terms, with Arabic as a primary index.

Slovnyk - English, Polish, Belarussian, Russian and Ukrainian translator. Interface available in all 5 languages.

Somali-English-Italian Trilingual Online Dictionary - Collaborative project administered by RedSea Online.

Sözlük - Over 500,000 entries. General vocabulary, as well as Internet and auto terms. Turkish, Ottoman, English, German, French, Spanish, and Italian.

Sözlük Multilingual Dictionary - By Hidayet Doğan. Turkish from/to English and German.

Susana's Glossaries - Chilean slang; food, countries, capital cities, and inhabitants; technical lingoes; directory. Spanish, English, German, French, Italian, Portuguese, Dutch. Dictionary - Three-way lookup between English, Hungarian, and Romanian.

Travlang's Translating Dictionaries - Search to and from Afrikaans, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Esperanto, Finnish, French, Frisian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latin, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish. Based on the Ergane database by Majstro Aplikaĵoj.

Tritrans - Word translator, supporting English, Spanish, and Norwegian.

Ultralingua - Offers translations between English and a number of languages.

VDict: Vietnamese-English-French Dictionary - Supports simultaneous lookup in translation and Vietnamese-only dictionaries, the FOLDOC computing dictionary, and the Wordnet English dictionary.

Wikiled - Multilingual dictionary online, community edition, with a forum.

Wiktionary - Collaborative project for creating a free lexical database in every language, complete with meanings, etymologies, and pronunciations.

WinDi Multilingual Dictionaries - Translation, spelling, conjugation, grammar, and sound files for pronunciation. Multidirectional lookup to/from German, English, Spanish, French, Italian, Dutch, and Portuguese.

WordGumbo - Searchable repository of word lists in plain text for a variety of languages, with English equivalents. Also some resources on the comparative linguistics of Indo-European languages. - Dictionary containing English to/from Spanish, French, German, and Italian, and a language forum.

Word2Word - Directory of lexicographic works, various languages.

World Geography

Administrative Divisions of Countries ("Statoids") - Worldwide reference for states, provinces, governorates, counties, districts, and other subdivisions of countries.

Canadian Council for Geographic Education - Aims to strengthen geographic education in the classroom, and to increase the public awareness of the importance of geographical literacy.

The Columbia Gazetteer of North America - Comprehensive encyclopedia of geographical places and features.

The Degree Confluence Project - The Degree Confluence Project contains photographs of the intersections of integer latitude and longitude degree lines.

Environmental Geography - Dr. James Hayes Bohanan - Geography of the environment, and the use of the web in higher education.

European Spatial Planning Resource and Information Database (ESPRID) - The database focuses on the spatial dimensions of territorial development processes and the spatial impacts of EU, national, regional and local policies across the European continent.

Footnotes to History - Indexed reference site that provides an overview of ephemeral states, micronations, secessionist states, and related entities. Includes links to related photographs, documents, and other resources.

Geographical - A site that explores the world. The online resource on travel for schools, professionals and enthusiasts alike. - Learn about world geography, climate, countries, people, maps, and flags. Intended for elementary through junior high school students.

The Geography Exchange - A combination of teaching resources, lessons and indexes of website links with an emphasis on physical geography.

Geography Quiz - Test your geographical knowledge with a fun quiz.

Geography Resource Center - Internet Resources for Geographers

Geography World - A massive collection of links on all aspects of geography.

Geo-Guide - A subject gateway to scholarly information in earth science, geography and mining. From the Goettingen State and University Library.

Geosource - Web resources for human geography, physical geography, planning, geoscience and environmental science. Provided by Utrecht University Library.

GIS and Mapping Links - Links to Geography, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Mapping sites on the internet. All links are verified every month.

Global Geografia - Country data, maps and flags and other geographic information.

Global Statistics - A collection of tables and graphs providing a statistical look at countries, their population, area, capital, and main cities.

History of the International Date Line - Extensive information on the circumnavigator's paradox and the history of its resolution.

Infoplease Political and Reference Atlas - Infoplease Atlas has political maps of each region, country, and state with links to reference information.

Information Please: Geography Resource - Geographic facts, lists, and statistics, including highest mountains, longest rivers, latitudes and longitudes, and explorations and expeditions.

Map Quiz - Map and Geography Trivia - Map and Geography trivia game. Questions include countries, U.S. States, capitals and flags.

Mega Maps - Walk through the Continents - Free PC program to print out US or world maps of various sizes, up to 7 feet across, on an ordinary printer. Requires Windows 3.1, 95 or 98.

Mr. Dowling's Electronic Passport - An online geography class where students journey through time and space. Discover different people and cultures and further your study by following links.

National Geographic Xpeditions - Explore a virtual museum and a wealth of teaching resources.

NationbyNation: Reference on Countries of the Globe - History, geography, maps, economics, society as well as links and news feeds.

The START Natural Language Question Answering System - A system designed to answer questions that are posed in natural language. The system is especially equipped to answer geography queries.

US Census Bureau Geography - Mapping products and services, as well as geography resources used to compile the US Census.

US State Department - Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty - Listing of nations recognized by the US government.

US State Department - Independent States of the World - Independent states with diplomatic relations with U.S. and member of UN. Country capitals, and names.

The Web of Culture - About cross-cultural communication. Also provides general geographic and social education on foreign nations and cultures, for preparation for visits from foreign countries.

World Gazetteer - Information about current population of countries, their administrative divisions, cities and towns as well as images of the current national flags.

Area Studies - Offers country and regional profiles including maps, information on literacy, GNP, poverty, and comparison rankings.

CIA World Fact Book - Lists population, government, military, and economic information for nations recognized by the United States.

Countries of the World - Information from the CIA World Fact Book, United Nations Statistical Office, Library of Congress Country Studies and other sources. Features calculated country ranks, maps, country and airport codes.

Countries Quest - Directory features articles about different countries organized by continent and offers information on natural resources, people, arts, economy, government, and history.

Country Studies - Full text version of books included in the Country Studies/Area Handbook Program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Army.

Country Studies - The Library of Congress - Online series containing studies of 91 countries.

Culturelink Network - Network of networks for research and cooperation in cultural development. Features databank of regional policies, institutions, and resources; current publications and research; membership and participation information.

Global Studies Program - Masters in Social Sciences - Study focus on globalization, international governance and cultural change. Degree program jointly run by universities in Freiburg, New Delhi, and Singapore.

Institute for Global Studies - A research unit at Johns Hopkins University that specializes in the study of global power, culture, and history. Features newsletter, calendar of events and program information.

MSU Global Access - Search engine from Michigan State University features access to courses, maps, news, data sources, and current research. Database is sorted by region, country, thematic area, constituency group, and resource type. - Provides country and regional graphs and descriptive statistics based on geography, military, economy, crime, education, and transportation.

Post-Colonial Studies - An overview article that includes a discussion of important authors in the field.

UNICEF Countries - Gives an overview of economics, politics, healthcare, nutrition and crimes rates occurring in nations around the world, especially as it affects children.


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