World Studies, Geography and Languages
All Free Dictionaries Project - Automatic translation
database of over 50 tongues with multidirectional lookup capability. Users may contribute
by reviewing entries and submitting word lists to help in building a universal dictionary.
The Alternative Dictionaries
- Slang for foreign-language learners, with definitions in English. Collaborative
project - entries are made by Internet users. About 80 tongues.
Dictionary Section - General and scientific terminology. Trees, flowers,
birds, whales and dolphins, wind. Czech, Slovak, English, Latin, German.
The Bulgarian Rechnik
- Contains words and expressions in six languages - Bulgarian, English, Spanish,
French, Portuguese, and Italian.
Comparative Vocabulary: English,
French, Spanish - Similar nouns, adjectives and adverbs grouped under their
Cool Slang - Collaborative project, open
choice of language pairs. Explanation and translation of colloquial expressions.
DicoVox - Bidirectional
word translation between English and French and one-way translation from German
into English with vocal output capabilities.
Dictionary of Nigerian
Languages - English to Igbo, Yoruba, Hausa and Pidgin, the languages of
Digital Dictionaries of South Asia
- An electronic library of printed works, multilingual and monolingual, for English-speaking
readers of over 30 major languages of the region. Uses Unicode for non-Latin fonts
and unusual diacritics.
EdLingua On-Line Dictionary
EUdict - Translation between English and: Croatian,
French, Italian, Latin, Spanish. Dutch-Croatian-Dutch. Also one-way translations
from German to English, Spanish, or Italian. Interface in English or Croatian.
FinnHun Dictionary and Thesaurus - Finnish,
Freedict.com - English to/from Afrikaans,
Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Latin,
Norwegian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swahili, and Swedish. Online version of
the Freelang program.
Dictionary - Word and phrase translations of the Filipino languages Tagalog
and Cebuano to German and English. Multimedia and phrase library.
Hello, I love you - How to say the former in
various languages. Live chat room.
- English to/from Spanish, French, German, Italian, and Portuguese.
InterGlot.com - Translates between Dutch,
English, German, French, Spanish, and Swedish.
International Cursing and Swearing
Dictionary - For idiomatic use of offensive language and insults. French,
German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Malaysian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish, Spanish,
and Turkish into English.
Internet Dictionary Project - Collaborative
works. English, Spanish, Italian, German, French, Latin, Portuguese, Assyrian, and
Internet Picture Dictionary - With interactive
activities for French, German, Spanish, Italian, and ESL learners.
Japanese-English-Russian Idioms Dictionary
- Scanned pages of a printed work by Я.М.Троицкий, 1998. Users can jump to individual
records thanks to alphabetical indexes.
- Translations between Hausa, English, and German. Basic orthography information,
LangToLang - English, Spanish, French,
German, Turkish, Italian, Dutch, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Danish, Polish,
Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Hungarian, Finnish, Esperanto, and Swahili.
Lexsee Multi Language Dictionary - Bidirectional
lookup and browsable index of terms in 30 languages.
- Translations and dialogues.
A Little Dictionary of Italian/Tongan/English
- Common words and phrases.
LookWAYup - Defines English
words and provides optional translations into French, German, Spanish, Dutch, and
Majstro Aplikaĵoj's Translation Dictionary
- Based on the Ergane database, which uses the artificial language Esperanto to
translate between three-dozen languages.
Engine (1744) - 3rd edition of Hieronymus Megiser's Dictionarium quatuor
linguarum, with English added. Browse in original order, more or less alphabetical
in German. Reverse search of Slovenian entries, in original or normalized orthography.
Interface in English. Results in English, German, Latin, Slovenian, and Italian.
MIDDIM: Interactive Multilingual Dictionary
- Search for words and phrases, flexed paradigms, syntactic analysis, final segments,
initial segments. Catalan, English, German.
Online Dictionary.biz - English to/from
French, German, Spanish, Italian, Japanese, Chinese, Russian. With definitions and
translations. From the European language sections it will translate one word into
six languages at one time.
The Papillon Project -
Open source lexical database created by computational linguists. Chinese, English,
Estonian, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Thai, Vietnamese.
PetaMem Multilingual Dictionary -
Translates words and expressions between English, German, French, Hungarian, Italian,
Dutch, Portuguese, Swedish, and Czech.
PolarText - Directory of lexicographic
works. Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, English, German.
POPjisyo - Pop-up translation
system, which helps you read Web pages in a foreign language and learn new words
as you go along. Study games. For Japanese, Chinese, Korean, and other languages.
Project for the Documentation of the Languages
of Mesoamerica (PDLMA) - Lexicon, phonology, and morphosyntax of selected
Mije-Sokean languages: Oluta and San Miguel Chimalapa Soke. Translations to/from
Spanish and English.
RealTranslations - Word lookup, retrieving
exact and fuzzy matches. English to/from French, German, Italian, Portuguese, and
Rojname Dictionary - Bidirectional
word lookup. Kurdish to/from English, German, and Turkish.
Sakhr Dictionary - Multidirectional lookup
of Arabic, English, and French terms, with Arabic as a primary index.
Slovnyk - English, Polish, Belarussian, Russian
and Ukrainian translator. Interface available in all 5 languages.
Trilingual Online Dictionary - Collaborative project administered by RedSea
Sözlük - Over 500,000 entries. General vocabulary,
as well as Internet and auto terms. Turkish, Ottoman, English, German, French, Spanish,
Sözlük Multilingual Dictionary - By Hidayet
Doğan. Turkish from/to English and German.
- Chilean slang; food, countries, capital cities, and inhabitants; technical lingoes;
directory. Spanish, English, German, French, Italian, Portuguese, Dutch.
- Three-way lookup between English, Hungarian, and Romanian.
Travlang's Translating Dictionaries
- Search to and from Afrikaans, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Esperanto, Finnish,
French, Frisian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latin, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese,
Spanish, Swedish, Turkish. Based on the Ergane database by Majstro Aplikaĵoj.
Tritrans - Word translator, supporting English,
Spanish, and Norwegian.
Ultralingua - Offers translations
between English and a number of languages.
VDict: Vietnamese-English-French Dictionary - Supports
simultaneous lookup in translation and Vietnamese-only dictionaries, the FOLDOC
computing dictionary, and the Wordnet English dictionary.
Wikiled - Multilingual dictionary online,
community edition, with a forum.
Wiktionary - Collaborative project for creating
a free lexical database in every language, complete with meanings, etymologies,
WinDi Multilingual Dictionaries -
Translation, spelling, conjugation, grammar, and sound files for pronunciation.
Multidirectional lookup to/from German, English, Spanish, French, Italian, Dutch,
WordGumbo - Searchable repository
of word lists in plain text for a variety of languages, with English equivalents.
Also some resources on the comparative linguistics of Indo-European languages.
WordReference.com - Dictionary containing
English to/from Spanish, French, German, and Italian, and a language forum.
Word2Word - Directory of
lexicographic works, various languages.
Administrative Divisions of Countries
("Statoids") - Worldwide reference for states, provinces, governorates,
counties, districts, and other subdivisions of countries.
Canadian Council for Geographic Education - Aims
to strengthen geographic education in the classroom, and to increase the public
awareness of the importance of geographical literacy.
The Columbia Gazetteer of North America
- Comprehensive encyclopedia of geographical places and features.
The Degree Confluence Project - The Degree
Confluence Project contains photographs of the intersections of integer latitude
and longitude degree lines.
Environmental Geography - Dr. James
Hayes Bohanan - Geography of the environment, and the use of the web in
European Spatial Planning Resource and Information
Database (ESPRID) - The database focuses on the spatial dimensions of territorial
development processes and the spatial impacts of EU, national, regional and local
policies across the European continent.
Footnotes to History - Indexed
reference site that provides an overview of ephemeral states, micronations, secessionist
states, and related entities. Includes links to related photographs, documents,
and other resources.
Geographical - A site that explores
the world. The online resource on travel for schools, professionals and enthusiasts
Geographic.org - Learn about world geography,
climate, countries, people, maps, and flags. Intended for elementary through junior
high school students.
The Geography Exchange - A combination
of teaching resources, lessons and indexes of website links with an emphasis on
Geography Quiz -
Test your geographical knowledge with a fun quiz.
Resource Center - Internet Resources for Geographers
Geography World - A massive
collection of links on all aspects of geography.
Geo-Guide - A subject gateway to scholarly
information in earth science, geography and mining. From the Goettingen State and
Geosource - Web resources
for human geography, physical geography, planning, geoscience and environmental
science. Provided by Utrecht University Library.
GIS and Mapping Links - Links to
Geography, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Mapping sites on the internet.
All links are verified every month.
Global Geografia - Country
data, maps and flags and other geographic information.
Global Statistics - A collection of tables and
graphs providing a statistical look at countries, their population, area, capital,
and main cities.
History of the International Date
Line - Extensive information on the circumnavigator's paradox and the
history of its resolution.
Infoplease Political and Reference Atlas
- Infoplease Atlas has political maps of each region, country, and state with links
to reference information.
Information Please: Geography
Resource - Geographic facts, lists, and statistics, including highest mountains,
longest rivers, latitudes and longitudes, and explorations and expeditions.
Map Quiz - Map and Geography Trivia - Map
and Geography trivia game. Questions include countries, U.S. States, capitals and
Mega Maps - Walk through the Continents
- Free PC program to print out US or world maps of various sizes, up to 7 feet across,
on an ordinary printer. Requires Windows 3.1, 95 or 98.
Mr. Dowling's Electronic Passport -
An online geography class where students journey through time and space. Discover
different people and cultures and further your study by following links.
Geographic Xpeditions - Explore a virtual museum and a wealth of teaching
NationbyNation: Reference on Countries of the
Globe - History, geography, maps, economics, society as well as links and
The START Natural Language
Question Answering System - A system designed to answer questions that are
posed in natural language. The system is especially equipped to answer geography
US Census Bureau Geography
- Mapping products and services, as well as geography resources used to compile
the US Census.
US State Department - Dependencies
and Areas of Special Sovereignty - Listing of nations recognized by the
US State Department
- Independent States of the World - Independent states with diplomatic relations
with U.S. and member of UN. Country capitals, and names.
The Web of Culture - About cross-cultural
communication. Also provides general geographic and social education on foreign
nations and cultures, for preparation for visits from foreign countries.
World Gazetteer - Information about
current population of countries, their administrative divisions, cities and towns
as well as images of the current national flags.
Aneki.com - Offers country and regional profiles
including maps, information on literacy, GNP, poverty, and comparison rankings.
CIA World Fact
Book - Lists population, government, military, and economic information
for nations recognized by the United States.
Countries of the World - Information
from the CIA World Fact Book, United Nations Statistical Office, Library of Congress
Country Studies and other sources. Features calculated country ranks, maps, country
and airport codes.
Countries Quest - Directory features
articles about different countries organized by continent and offers information
on natural resources, people, arts, economy, government, and history.
Country Studies - Full text version
of books included in the Country Studies/Area Handbook Program sponsored by the
U.S. Department of Army.
Country Studies - The Library of
Congress - Online series containing studies of 91 countries.
Culturelink Network - Network of networks
for research and cooperation in cultural development. Features databank of regional
policies, institutions, and resources; current publications and research; membership
and participation information.
Global Studies Program - Masters in Social
Sciences - Study focus on globalization, international governance and cultural
change. Degree program jointly run by universities in Freiburg, New Delhi, and Singapore.
Institute for Global Studies - A research unit
at Johns Hopkins University that specializes in the study of global power, culture,
and history. Features newsletter, calendar of events and program information.
MSU Global Access - Search engine from
Michigan State University features access to courses, maps, news, data sources,
and current research. Database is sorted by region, country, thematic area, constituency
group, and resource type.
NationMaster.com - Provides country and
regional graphs and descriptive statistics based on geography, military, economy,
crime, education, and transportation.
- An overview article that includes a discussion of important authors in the field.
UNICEF Countries - Gives an overview
of economics, politics, healthcare, nutrition and crimes rates occurring in nations
around the world, especially as it affects children.
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